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Abstract


NEW GEO-POLITICAL INTERESTS OF RUSSIA IN BALKANS
Although Balkan policy of Russia changes according to the conditions of Russia, always it is very important for Russia. As a part of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, Balkan Peninsula connects Russia to Europe; at the same time it is one of the most important interfaces in world trade for Russia. Therefore, it is possible to look Russia’s interests in Balkans geo-strategically and geo-politically. On the one hand, closeness of Balkans to southern regions connects Russia to Southern European, Near Eastern and Northern African countries; on the other hand, when an attack happens from the West to the East, it has got a strategic field through central position in the South-Eastern Europe. Consequently, lots of states and empires were interested in Balkans in the history, Russia is interested in Balkans as a strategic factor from past to present. Naturally, relationships between Russia and Balkan nations, which continues along centuries without rupture, the importance of cultural and religious closeness plays great role. In this study, Russia’s relations with Balkans and strategic importance of Balkans for Russia are evaluated. The history of bilateral relations of Russia is analyzed. As a natural consequence of this historical period, when Yugoslavia crisis happened, how Russia lost its authority and efficiency on Balkans is investigated.

Keywords
Russia, foreign policy, Balkans, strategy, geo-political importance, geo-strategic importance, Stali


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    cavsamdergi@karatekin.edu.tr 

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    Reha YILMAZ
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